In 1911, Shackleton's dream of becoming the first person to set foot on the South Pole was shattered, when Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen reached the earth's most southerly point. Great article, good information, and I loved the authentic photos. The second in a family of ten, his father Henry farmed at Kilkea. But on January 5, 1922, Shackleton suffered a heart attack on his ship and died. It was in suburban London that Ernest Shackleton spent the remainder of his boyhood years. Those early years in the merchant navy saw Shackleton travel extensively. Ernest Henry Shackleton was born on February 15, 1874, in County Kildare, Ireland, to Anglo-Irish parents. Sir Ernest Shackleton, the great polar explorer Coming from an Anglo-Irish background with a strong Quaker heritage he is renowned for his courage, extraordinary leadership skills and his contribution to geographical discovery during the era of Antarctic exploration in the early years of the 20th Century. His father was not wealthy enough to get him a commission in the navy, so he went before the mast, learning sailing and working his way up as he traveled all over the world in the merchant marine. Ernest Shackleton, in full Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton, (born February 15, 1874, Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland—died January 5, 1922, Grytviken, South Georgia), Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer who attempted to reach the South Pole. Early life In 1884, Dr Shackleton crossed the water and settled in England. When Ernest Shackleton was young, he longed for a life of adventure. Born in Ireland in 1874. No creature comforts. In late 1921 he set off on a fourth mission to the South Pole. Ernest Shackleton’s Endurance expedition was the remarkable final chapter in the Heroic Age of Exploration. Ernest Shackleton is a new biography for young readers in the Little People, Big Dreams series. English explorer Henry Hudson embarked on multiple sailing voyages that provided new information on North American water routes. His father's family was Anglo-Irish, originally from Yorkshire, England. He made three expeditions, the second of which his ship, the Endeavour, froze in the water and sank. The achievement forced Shackleton to set his sights on a new mark: crossing Antarctica via the South Pole. In 1901, he joined noted British naval officer and explorer Robert Falcon Scott on a difficult trek to the South Pole that placed the two men, plus one other, closer to the pole than anyone else previously. Early Career Ernest Henry Shackleton was born on February 15, 1874, in County Kildare, Ireland, to Anglo-Irish parents. His fondest dream was to make a name for himself. He was sent home early due to bad health. internet site and I think this site is very informative! Thanks. 1907- Shackleton mapped out his plans for his expedition./4. His goal was to circumnavigate the Antarctic. Shackleton's South Pole expedition with Scott sparked within the young explorer an obsession to reach the Antarctic. I was looking through some of your articles on this Ernest Shackleton spent four years at sea working for the North Western Shipping Company and by 1898 was a qualified master mariner. l-r, Frank Wild, Ernest Shackleton, Eric Marshall, Jameson Adams. Shackleton’s life would change forever when he joined the Discovery expedition. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. He worked as a journalist for some time in Britain and was elected secretary of the Scottish Royal … Astonishingly, not a single member of his 28-men team died during the nearly two years they were stranded. Nobel Prize winner Ernest Hemingway is seen as one of the great American 20th century novelists, and is known for works like 'A Farewell to Arms' and 'The Old Man and the Sea.'. The second in a family of ten, his father Henry farmed at Kilkea. He is seen as an example of courage, leadership and heroism, and was ranked as the 11th Greatest Briton in a 2002 BBC poll. After the ship sank later that year, Shackleton embarked on an escape in April 1916, in which he and his men crowded into three small boats and made their way to Elephant Island, off the southern tip of Cape Horn. Contact Us. Nonetheless, he ranked fifth in his class of thirty-one. He and his crew drifted on sheets of ice for months until they reached Elephant Island. The four members of the party that set out to attempt to become the first to reach the South pole, they were defeated by the weather, but also a lack of supplies and suitable equipment just 97 miles from the South Pole, a point they reached on January the 9th 1909. Later he was tapped to be the secretary to the Scottish Geographical Society. The trip, however, ended poorly for Shackleton, who fell seriously ill and had to return home. Perce Blackborow (often given an extra "r" as in Blackborrow, he sometimes also becomes Percy) is one of the more interesting and colorful members of the expedition in that he never should have been on board the Endurance in the first place and was a stowaway - probably the only one ever on … Early Life The Shackleton family came originally from Yorkshire. On 30th December 1902 Scott, Shackleton and Edward Wilson FZS ("Uncle Bill") reached within 400 miles of the South Pole, the furthest South yet achieved by anybody. On December 5, the team departed the island, the last time Shackleton and his men would touch land for an astonishing 497 days. Wholesale Orders Shackleton was born in Ireland on February 15, 1874 to a family of English descent. Proof of this came in September 2011, when a biscuit Shackleton had given to a starving traveler on one of his early expeditions sold at auction for nearly $2,000. Meet Ernest Shackleton, the fearless Antarctic adventurer. The founder of the family was Abraham Shackelton, a Quaker who moved to Ireland in the early 18th century. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Store "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. He was the second child born to Henry Shackleton and his wife, Henrietta Gavan. Despite the urging of his father that he follow in his footsteps and go to medical school, the 16-year-old Shackleton joined the merchant navy, achieving the rank of first mate by the age of 18, and becoming a certified master mariner six years later. His experience on this expedition then spurred Shackleton on, to have a go at reaching the South Pole himself. His mother's famil… Devoted to creating a legacy, he led the Trans-Antarctic Expedition. He moved with his family to London. Shackleton knew how to push the limits until he was able to exceed well above even the most generous of expectations that had been laid out for him. Upon his return to England, Shackleton pursued a career in journalism. H He was schooled by a governess until the age of eleven, when he began at Fir Lodge Preparatory School in West Hill, Dulwich, in south east London. On August 1, 1914, the same day Germany declared war on Russia, Shackleton departed London on the ship Endurance for his third trip to the South Pole. Ernest was the second of ten children. After a career in the Merchant Navy, he joined a landmark expedition to try to reach the South Pole for the first time in history. Ernest's father was Henry Shackleton, and his mother was Henrietta Letitia Sophia Gavan. But over the last half-century, as his story became the subject of more historical research, the account of the Endurance and how Shackleton averted total disaster has elevated his standing and made him a principal figure of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. English admiral Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the globe from 1577-1580, helped defeat the Spanish Armada of 1588 and was the most renowned seaman of the Elizabethan era. View fullsize. Early life In 1884, Dr. Shackleton crossed the water and settled in England. His mother Henrietta was descended from the Fitzmaurices, a family which had been in … T Shackleton’s name lives on as a synonym for courage, bravery and most of all, leadership. No wages. Shackleton with Scott and Dr. Edward Wilson trekked south towards the South Pole in 1902. All further details: TBA. It shall be intent before the quarter-moon is out to replicate to exacting specifications a full-scale sailing vessel commonly used in the trade slave without benefit of modern navigation aids of any kind for an East to west voyage for the amusement of those desirous of the ultimate challenge. He was buried in South Georgia. He was the second of ten children, one of whom, his younger brother Frank, we will meet again in this story. His mother was called Henrietta. Sir Ernest Shackleton was an explorer who in 1901 joined an expedition to the Antarctic. Ernest Everett Just was an African American biologist and educator best known for his pioneering work in the physiology of development, especially in fertilization. Sir Ernest Shackleton is one of the most famous explorers in history. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was an Irish-born British explorer who was a principal figure of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. Discover the remarkable life of Ernest Shackleton.... Ernest Shackleton was not just a great explorer - he was also a great commander. Ernest Shackleton early on acquired an ambition to explore the Antarctic and to be the first to reach the South Pole. At age 13, Shackleton enrolled at Dulwich College. He was able to leave school at the age of 16 and go to sea. His Early Life. The Early Life of Ernest Shackleton. Disaster struck when his ship, the Endurance, was crushed by ice. Childhood & Early Life Ernest Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874 in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland, to Henry Shackleton, and Henrietta Letitia Sophia Gavan and was the second of ten children. If it was an English ad it would be spelt “honour”, Shackleton’s Ad – Men Wanted for Hazardous Journey, The Politics and Economics of Reconstruction, Top 10 Most Important Archaeology Discoveries of 2020, Knights vs Tanks? Reverence for Shackleton's heroism and leadership didn't immediately follow. Ernest Henry Shackleton was born on the 15th February in 1874 in Kilkea House, County Kildare in Ireland. Ernest Henry Shackleton was a dreamer. Ernest Shackleton early on acquired an ambition to explore the Antarctic and to be the first to reach the South Pole. Specifically, he thought of Ernest Shackleton’s Antarctic expedition on the Endurance. Seven hard days on the water culminated in the team reaching their destination, but there was still little hope in getting rescued on the uninhabited island, which, because of its location, sat far outside normal shipping lanes. Ernest’s mother became mysteriously an invalid and remained so for the last 40 years of her life. Frank Hurley/Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge/Getty Images Ernest was home on leave from the Merchant Navy, having just returned from a voyage to Japan. Started his first formal schooling had to return home in 1902, we will meet again in this story famous. 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